The CN Tower is located in Toronto, Canada, Till 2007, CN Tower at a outrageous height of 553 meters remained the tallest self supporting structure in the world, This title was held since 1975. The newly built skyscrapers were as tall as 250 meters which created problems for signals to be received by radios and televisions.
Soon many companies decided to share a 500 meter tall building to send radio signals around Toronto. A local architect Ned Baldwin, proposed an idea to make the tallest building in the world because then signals cannot be interrupted and will soon become a tourist destination and landmark.
The CN Tower opened to the public on June 26, 1976. The construction costs of approximately CA$63 million were repaid in fifteen years. Canadian National Railway sold the tower prior to taking the company private in 1995, when they decided to divest themselves of all operations not directly related to their core freight shipping businesses.
The CN Tower was practically the only development along Front Street West; it was still possible to see Lake Ontario from the foot of the CN Tower due to the expansive parking lots and lack of development in the area at the time. As the area around the tower was developed, particularly with the completion of the Metro Toronto Convention Center in 1984 and the Sky Dome in 1989 the former Railway Lands were redeveloped and the tower became the center of a newly developing entertainment area.
The tower contains 53,000 cubic yards of concrete and wights 130,000 tons.
The record for climbing the 1,776 step of the worlds longest staircase is 7 minutes and 52 seconds.
CN Tower stands for the towers full name Canada’s national tower.
There has always been a competition between the east Asian countries to build the tallest skyscrapers in the world. In October 2004 Taiwan came up with the massive building with a height of 508 meters. Construction on the 101-story tower started in 1999 and finished in 2004. The tower has served as an icon of modern Taiwan ever since its opening. The building was architecturally created as a symbol of the evolution of technology and Asian tradition.
The Taipei 101 has a unconventional modern architecture because of its postmodernist approach to style incorporates traditional design elements and gives them modern treatments. The tower is designed to withstand typhoons and earthquakes.
Taipei 101 is the first record-setting skyscraper to be constructed in the 21st century. It exhibits a number of technologically advanced features as it provides a center for business and recreation.
The fiber-optic and satellite internet connections permitted transfer speeds up to a gigabyte per second. The double-deck elevators built by the Japanese Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation set a new record in 2004 with the fastest ascending speeds in the world at 60.6 kilometers.
Ever heard of it? An Ice hotel!? Well in Jukkasjarvi, Sweden, a new concept of Ice hotel has come up. The inspiration of the hotel began in 1989, when a group of Japanese ice artists visited the Swedish village of Jukkasjarvi. The next year they came with a project of building the Ice hotel.
The hotel will rebuild every spring when blocks of ice cut from the river and are stored in the freezer. When the roof starts dripping that means the season is over and let the hotel flow its way. Every guest has ice walls, ice ceilings, ice floor and ice bed with a mattress and sheet made of reindeer skins.
Each suite is individually themed and hand carved by artists commissioned from around the world and a wide range of disciplines. Spending a night in Ice hotel is a surreal experience and a memory for life.
Close to the Ice hotel there’s an Ice Chapel, which is often used for weddings and christenings.
Jukkasjarvi, the village where the Ice hotel is built means ‘The meeting place’ in the local Sami language.
The ice is crystal clear because of the fresh water and the purity of the rivers water.
The Beijing Airport Terminal 3 is a big investment for China’s fast growing economy in this world and the influx of visitors to the 2008 Olympics. The work was started in March 2004 and was completed in February 2008.The contract to build the Terminal 3 was handed to Foster and Partners in November 2004.
The building had two objectives to double the passenger capacity efficiently and safely, and to establish the airport as a symbol both of New China and of traditional Chinese national culture.The luggage transfer system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code that matches the bar code on every piece of luggage loaded and allows easy and accurate tracking.
At night, the glow from the airports orange, yellow and red lights are visible through the massive roof, outlining the terminal’s distinctive silhouette and suggesting the colors of the Chinese national flag. An indoor garden is constructed in the waiting area, in the style of imperial gardens such as the Summer Palace.
Terminal 3 is the most technologically advanced airport terminal in the world.
It the second largest airport in the world after Dubai international airport’s terminal 3.
It is the 6th largest building in the world by the area.
It is the world’s second busiest airport with an annual passenger traffic of 90,000,000.
The Wembley stadium has the capacity to enclose 90,000 spectators, versatile events and sports take place in the Wembley stadium every once in a while. All these versatile sports need a high quality ground so all the athletes with great potential can perform their best.
To maintain the turf some requirements are needed like right amount of sunlight not too much because the turf can burn, right amount of ventilation and not too much due. This stadium was designed by the World Stadium Team (WST), a joint venture between world class architects Firm Fosters & Partners and the global stadium specialists HOK sport.
The arch on top of the Wembley stadium can be seen from miles across London because of its soaring height of 133 meters.The stadium is in a circular shape wrapped around with aluminium and glass. Massive screens to spectate, and one of the most distinctive feature was the roaring sound of the spectators.
Steel in arch weighs 1,929 tons as much as 275 double-Decker buses
Construction of the stadium has included 275 miles of mains electrical cabling.
The stadium houses the four largest restaurants in London and 98 kitchens.
The London eye is located in London, England. This enormous Ferris wheel is at a petrifying 135 meter height. The London eye is the cities landmark commonly known by tourists.
The Husband-Wife team of architects responsible for the built of the wheel are signed up with a partnership with British airlines. David marks and Julia barefield drew the design of the London eye. All the technique involved was implemented from scratch since it was never seen or done.
Although the London eye is based on a Ferris wheel still it has 32 capsules which are air conditioned. The capsules move at a speed of 26 cm per second. The people enter the capsules from ground level while some are in the air.
The wheel and the capsules weigh 1,120 tons turn on cantilevered steel spindle 25 meters long.
Each capsule has its own motorized stability system, keeping it horizontal at all times
The Millennium Bridge located in Newcastle, England is not a normal bridge but a bridge which comes under the category ‘canal’. Canal bridges are huge bridges which are divided in two parts, when a ship is crossing by a canal bridge. The bridge will tilt itself 30-50m degrees up from both sides.
Where as in the Millennium Bridge, the whole body will tilt in one piece. When the Millennium Bridge first operated only 35,000 viewers were standing by. People still see the bridge tilting but such a beautiful bridge can also be seen without motion in its gears.
The bridges cost price was 40 million USD and took more than 2 years to complete after 1 year of the construction was ready to operate in 2003. The beautiful and brilliantly original design by the Wilkinson and Eyre was the outright winner of a competition launched by Gateshead Council in 1996.
The hydraulic system is powered by 8 electric motors which generate 589 horse power.
When the bridge is raised the suspension cables are kept taught by 14-ton casting to either side.
The bridge is self-cleaning, with litter rolling into chutes at either ends each time the structure tilts.
The Scottish Parliament, a marvel of the modern day. Designed by Enric Miralles, This site is in Edinburgh’s medieval old town squeezed between a royal palaces.
The Catalan architect started sketching flowers and plants as the base layout of the Scottish parliament. Architecturally there were no concessions either to traditional or modern principle rational designs.
Problems were faced due to the death of the Catalan architect but got resolved.
The Building unusual layout and quality o finish became apparent in the pubic foyer, Concrete had been polished to a point where it was as soft as marble. The windows are pretty unusual as each window is handmade and each one has its own design.
Each of the 112 nodes in the debating hall are separately designed for their own purpose.
The building is clad in 6,000 sq. m of Kennay granite from Aberdeenshire, in Scotland.
Each office has an area by the window known as “a contemplate space”.