The X-Seed 4000 is a one of the most special building ever fully planned and designed on this planet. The X-Seed would have had roof 4000 metres above the ground and would be built in Japan. The idea was initially created and developed by Peter Neville. It would have a 6000 metre base which would be underwater and 800-floor capacity could accommodate 500,000 to 1,000,000 inhabitants. This structure would be composed of over 3,000,000 tons of pure steel.

Unlike conventional skyscrapers, to remain habitable the X-Seed 4000 would have to increase the pressure according to how high it goes and should have separate generators at every 100 floors. The X-Seed would have taken at least 20 years to complete and would cost about USD700 billion to USD1.2 trillion.

Carlton Centre

The Carlton Centre is a skyscraper and shopping centre located in downtown Johannesburg, South Africa. At 223 metres (732 ft), it has been the tallest office building in Africa since 1973. The Carlton Centre has 50 floors. The foundations of the two buildings in the complex are 5 m (16 ft) in diameter and extend 15 m (49 ft) down to the bedrock, 35 m (115 ft) below street level. The building houses both offices and shops, and has over 46 per cent of the floor area below ground level. The Carlton Centre is linked to the Carlton Hotel by a below-ground shopping centre with over 180 shops.

The Carlton Centre was designed by the American architectural firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. Anglo American Properties began construction in the late 1960s by demolishing the old Carlton Hotel and the closing roads to form a city super block. Excavations for the Carlton began in January 1967, and took two years to complete. Although occupation of the Centre began in 1971, construction was not finally completed until 1974. The building officially opened in 1973 at a total cost of over USD 6.55 million.

Facts

  • The 50th and topmost floor of the Carlton Centre was called the Carlton Panorama and is known colloquially as the “Top of Africa”. Once the tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Carlton Centre is the tallest building in the whole Africa since 1973.

The Shard

Also referred to as the shard of glass, The Shard is an 87-storey skyscraper (309 m), which sits in the heart of London. Construction began in 2009 and was completed three years later in 2012, making it Western Europe’s tallest building. Designed by architect Renzo Piano, The Shard is the second tallest free standing structure in the UK. It’s exterior boasts 11,000 glass panels – that’s equivalent in area to eight football pitches or two-and-a-half Trafalgar Squares.

The building was developed to have multiple uses, described on the website as a ‘vertical city where people can live, work and relax’. This motto was clearly taken on board by a fox, nicknamed Romeo, that was found on the 72nd floor towards the end of construction. The Shard has a massive floor area of 1,307,383sqft , 72 out of 95 floors are habitable and The Shard also contains 36 working elevators.

Floor Plan (2018)

73–95 Spire
68–72 The View from The Shard (observatory)
53–65 Residences
34–52 Shangri-La Hotel
33 Hutong
32 Aqua Shard
31 oblix
28 South Hook Gas
27 Arma Partners / Campari Group
26 CoStar Group / Marc Hermann Wealth Management
24–25 The Office Group
23 Foresight Group
22 Khazanah / Jellyfish
20-21 Kraft Heinz
19 Medical Protection Society
18 Gallup / Foresight Group
17 Warwick Business School / Sage Group
16 Al Jazeera English
15 Mathys & Squire / Arcapita / Xio Partners / Fulcrum Chambers
14 Duff & Phelps
13 Tabcorp Holdings / Warwick Business School / Duff & Phelps / Sage Group
12 Mitie
11 Dods Group / Matches Fashion
10 Real Estate Management (UK) Limited / Robert Half / Protiviti
9 IO Oil and Gas / Sapphire Systems
8 Greenberg Traurig / Matches Fashion
7 Tiffany & Co. / Matches Fashion
4–6 Clinic (HCA Healthcare at the Shard)
3 Shard Quarter Management Suite
2 Office Reception
Ground Hotel, restaurant and observatory entrances

Facts

  • 95% of The Shard is owned by State of Qatar and rest is owned by Seller Property Group.
  • On 11 July 2013, six female Greenpeace volunteers climbed the Shard and unfurled a flag in protest against Arctic oil drilling by Royal Dutch Shell.
  • BASE jumpers reportedly jumped from The Shard more than a dozen times between 2009 and 2012. Four jumps were reportedly made by Essex roofer Dan Witchalls.
  • After the Shard was completed only 17 of the floors were being used by tenants in 2014 and rest of them were empty because of the rent being very expensive and less traffic.

Jin Mao Tower

The Jin Mao Tower also known as the Jinmao Building or Jinmao Tower is an 88-story  landmark skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, China. It is 421 meters tall and is one of the tall meters dings in the world. It contains a shopping mall, offices and the Grand Hyatt Shanghai hotel, which at the time of completion was the highest hotel in the world.

Along with the Oriental Pearl Tower, the Shanghai World Financial Center and the Shanghai Tower it is part of the Lujiazui skyline seen from the Bund. It used to be the tallest building in China but its height was surpassed on September 14, 2007, by the Shanghai World Financial Center which is located close by.The Shanghai Tower, a 121-story building located next to these two buildings, surpassed the height of both these buildings in 2015.

In Chinese numerology, the number eight represents prosperity and brings luck to Chinese people. That is why the Jin Mao Tower in and 88 Story building since it is a business site.

The Skywalk, a 1,520 m2  indoor observation deck with a capacity of 1,000+ people, occupies the 88th floor of the building. In addition to the panoramic views of Shanghai, it offers a topside view of the hotel atrium below. It also includes a small post office. Access is through two express elevators from the basement that travel at 9.1 m/s and take 45 seconds to reach the top. As of 2009, admission to the 88th floor costs 88 RMB for adults and 45 RMB for children.

It is supposed to be lucky standing there since it is the 88th floor.

Facts

  • The world highest swimming pool, on the 57th floor, helps to counterbalance the swaying during and earthquake.
  • The 5-acre site is enclosed within a deep wall made of 27,000 cubic yards of concrete.
  • The spire is designed to resemble good luck according to Chinese symbol good luck.

Beijing Airport Terminal 3

The Beijing Airport Terminal 3 is a big investment for China’s fast growing economy in this world and the influx of visitors to the 2008 Olympics. The work was started in March 2004 and was completed in February 2008.The contract to build the Terminal 3 was handed to Foster and Partners in November 2004.

The building had two objectives to double the passenger capacity efficiently and safely, and to establish the airport as a symbol both of New China and of traditional Chinese national culture.The luggage transfer system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code that matches the bar code on every piece of luggage loaded and allows easy and accurate tracking.

At night, the glow from the airports orange, yellow and red lights are visible through the massive roof, outlining the terminal’s distinctive silhouette and suggesting the colors of the Chinese national flag. An indoor garden is constructed in the waiting area, in the style of imperial gardens such as the Summer Palace.

Facts

  •  Terminal 3 is the most technologically advanced airport terminal in the world.
  •  It the second largest airport in the world after Dubai international airport’s terminal 3.
  •  It is the 6th largest building in the world by the area.
  • It is the world’s second busiest airport with an annual passenger traffic of 90,000,000.
  •  Aircraft movements 581,773.

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London Eye

The London eye is located in London, England. This enormous Ferris wheel is at a petrifying 135 meter height. The London eye is the cities landmark commonly known by tourists.

The Husband-Wife team of architects responsible for the built of the wheel are signed up with a partnership with British airlines. David marks and Julia barefield drew the design of the London eye. All the technique involved was implemented from scratch since it was never seen or done.

Although the London eye is based on a Ferris wheel still it has 32 capsules which are air conditioned. The capsules move at a speed of 26 cm per second. The people enter the capsules from ground level while some are in the air.

Facts

  • The wheel and the capsules weigh 1,120 tons turn on cantilevered steel spindle 25 meters long.
  • Each capsule has its own motorized stability system, keeping it horizontal at all times
  • The ‘Flights’ takes 30 minutes.

Millennium Bridge

The Millennium Bridge located in Newcastle, England is not a normal bridge but a bridge which comes under the category ‘canal’. Canal bridges are huge bridges which are divided in two parts, when a ship is crossing by a canal bridge. The bridge will tilt itself 30-50m degrees up from both sides.

Where as in the Millennium Bridge, the whole body will tilt in one piece. When the Millennium Bridge first operated only 35,000 viewers were standing by. People still see the bridge tilting but such a beautiful bridge can also be seen without motion in its gears.

The bridges cost price was 40 million USD and took more than 2 years to complete after 1 year of the construction was ready to operate in 2003. The beautiful and brilliantly original design by the Wilkinson and Eyre was the outright winner of a competition launched by Gateshead Council in 1996.

Facts

  • The hydraulic system is powered by 8 electric motors which generate 589 horse power.
  • When the bridge is raised the suspension cables are kept taught by 14-ton casting to either side.
  • The bridge is self-cleaning, with litter rolling into chutes at either ends each time the structure tilts.